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The Silicon Review Asia

India has become a major contributor for a commercially feasible nuclear fusion reactor

India has become a major contributor for a commercially feasible nuclear fusion reactor

As the world faces an unprecedented environmental hazard, countries are racing to switch over to renewable forms of energy. More than a century of reliance on fossil fuels has taken the ecosystem to the brink of irreparable damage. But replacing them with renewable sources is no small feat, and by no means inexpensive. As the world’s first commercially feasible nuclear fusion reactor steadily heads towards completion, India has established itself as a major contributor to the pharaonic megaproject.

The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), located in France is the world’s largest center for research on fusion reaction and is developing a tokamak nuclear fusion reactor. Since the cost of construction is expected to run into several billion, it is divided among the hosting European Union and other countries, namely, China, India, USA, Japan, Russia, and South Korea. India’s contribution comes in the form of manufacturing the vital components of the plasma chamber where the fusion reaction will happen and temperature will surpass that of the sun.

Among them is a stainless steel vacuum-tight container called a cryostat, which would envelop key systems of the reactor. Furthermore, India is also involved in the installation of a massive network of cooling systems and in-wall neutron shielding, which comprises almost 9,000 individual blocks. There are about 30 Indian companies involved in this landmark project either as main contractors or sub-contractors. Moreover, it provides employment to thousands of highly skilled engineers as well as average laborers. This project continues to expand the horizons of many fields of engineering and India is set to receive complete access to all the intellectual property of other contributors.

Nuclear fusion involves the fusion of two hydrogen atoms to form one helium atom, producing massive amounts of energy. It can provide unlimited clean energy.


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